What do Catholics Believe?

“I believe and profess all that the holy Catholic Church teaches, believes and proclaims to be revealed by God.”

Catholicism is steeped in 2,000 years of faith and devotion to Jesus Christ and his message of love and salvation for all people. The Catholic Church is the largest Christian denomination in the world. As Catholics, we believe that the Catholic Church is a very special gift given to us from God and founded by Jesus Christ himself.

We also believe that the Catholic Church contains the fullness of all the gifts that Christ Jesus wishes to give to the world.

Who leads us?
What is his message?

“God so loved the world that He gave His only Son, so that everyone who believes in Him may not perish but may have eternal life.”John 3:16

We are motivated by the leader of our Church, Jesus Christ, and guided by the Holy Spirit in our mission to love one another, to serve the world and to love God. We seek to follow Jesus, and thus are Christians, or “Christ-followers”.

Jesus invites us to share this Good News. As Christians we wish to share this Good News, not just in words, but through our actions and the way we live our lives. We want everybody to appreciate the message of Jesus and the importance of having a living, vibrant relationship with him.

As Catholics, we believe that as individuals and in community we base our lives on our relationship with Jesus and in imitation of his teaching which comes to us through the Scriptures and through the teaching authority of the Catholic Church.

What is the Catholic Church?

We believe that the Catholic Church was established by Jesus Christ to continue proclaiming his message on the meaning of life and on how to live our lives to the fullest, as well as to provide opportunities for growth and love.

“You are Peter and on this rock I will build my church.” Matthew 16:18

Many people see “Church” as referring to a building, but it actually means much more. It is a community of the followers of Jesus, who accept Jesus as God, we accept Jesus became man who has come to live amongst us. These people share the same sacraments and worship together as members of God’s family.

Under the leadership of the Pope who is the successor of Saint Peter, the person appointed by Jesus to lead His Church, the teaching of Jesus continues to be proclaimed. This role of successor of Saint Peter can be traced right back from this moment in history to the time of Jesus.


As Catholics, we strive to develop and live as an active and welcoming Catholic community where people of all ages can draw closer to God, work together to build a Christian community, and are able to offer support to each other in growing to our full God-given potential.

In our lives we strive to witness to God’s love for us through the way we live our lives and through our outreach in service to one another.

We are strengthened constantly through prayer and our means of worship which we call liturgy and through the community life we live. Of course, we know we are not perfect, but we are committed to begin as often as necessary in our efforts to live as members of God’s family.

All people are welcome

We continually welcome and invite people into our community of faith because it is basic to our faith and our God wants us to live as one people and one family, His family. Every person is welcome because every person is loved totally and personally by our God.

What is at the heart
of our community life

At the heart of our community life is the presence of Jesus who promised to be with us until the end of time. I believe that the heart of our community life is when we come together to celebrate and worship at Mass.


1324 The Eucharist is “the source and summit of the Christian life.” 136 “The other sacraments, and indeed all ecclesiastical ministries and works of the apostolate, are bound up with the Eucharist and are oriented toward it. For in the blessed Eucharist is contained the whole spiritual good of the Church, namely Christ himself, our Pasch.”137

1325 “The Eucharist is the efficacious sign and sublime cause of that communion in the divine life and that unity of the People of God by which the Church is kept in being. It is the culmination both of God’s action sanctifying the world in Christ and of the worship men offer to Christ and through him to the Father in the Holy Spirit.”138

1326 Finally, by the Eucharistic celebration we already unite ourselves with the heavenly liturgy and anticipate eternal life, when God will be all in all.139

1327  In brief, the Eucharist is the sum and summary of our faith: “Our way of thinking is attuned to the Eucharist, and the Eucharist in turn confirms our way of thinking.”140 (summary from the Catechism of the Catholic Church)

It is in this wonderful prayer that we have the closest contact with our God available to us in this life. It is also the prayer that Jesus invited us to “do this in memory of me.” In this community prayer which re-presents for us what Jesus did at the Last Supper and through his sacrifice on the Cross at Calvary, we have a wonderful opportunity to encounter Jesus, to pray with Jesus, to be taught by Jesus through the Sacred Scriptures, to offer our lives with the offering of Jesus himself, and the opportunity to be totally united to Him and to each other. The Mass is the place we come together as members of God’s family at our heavenly Father’s invitation, to spend time with him and the place where we grow as a Christian community. It is a family gathering. From the Mass, we are sent out to serve our God and our brothers and sisters, week after week, and to share the wonderful news of God’s love with all we meet. One of the gifts of the Mass is that it is available to us almost every day of the year.

We are very fortunate to have other encounters available to us through the Sacraments of the Church. In the Catholic Church we have seven Sacraments. A sacrament is always an encounter with Jesus Christ through the Ministry of the Church. The sacraments are Baptism, Confirmation, Eucharist, Penance, Marriage, Holy Orders and the Anointing of the Sick.

Vienna - Fresco of Jesus as good shepherd by Josef Kastner 1906 - 1911 in Carmelites church in Dobling.

Vienna – Fresco of Jesus as good shepherd by Josef Kastner 1906 – 1911 in Carmelites church in Dobling. Photo: Jozef Sedmak.

The Sacraments of Initiation are Baptism, Confirmation, and Eucharist. In the Sacrament of Baptism we are welcomed into the Community of the Church and we become members of God’s family receiving special gifts to help us to live as members of God’s family. In Confirmation we receive the gifts of the Holy Spirit which empower us to take ownership of our faith and to approach in a positive manner, with God’s help, whatever we experience in life. Through our relationship with the Holy Spirit and by activating the gifts of the Holy Spirit each day of our lives, we have the necessary to live the Christian life and grow to our full God-given potential. We have already spoken about the importance of the celebration of the Mass where we receive the Body and Blood of Christ in our reception of Holy Communion.

We also have special Sacraments of forgiveness, healing, strengthening and growth. The most common of these is the Sacrament of Penance. Through this sacrament, Christ not only forgives us, he also heals us and he transforms us. As a result, in the sacrament of Penance we have an essential means of opening ourselves to the transforming power of Christ. The Sacrament of Penance is a contact with the merciful Christ, who came not to look after only the just, but to seek and help sinners. It is a form of prayer and not just something mechanical where we go through the motions. It is a means of restoring us to God’s friendship, and knowing where we stand with him. It is a means of overcoming personal sins and weakness. It is a means to peace of mind. It is a means to make a new start in our faith journey.

The Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick provides an encounter with Christ for people in very special situations. This sacrament is for people who are experiencing a serious illness and for people who are suffering the infirmity of old-age. This is a sacrament of healing and forgiveness. One of the effects of the sacrament is that it strengthens us and gives us the inner peace to endure the suffering that comes with sickness and old age. This sacrament also helps a person to regain mental and physical health if this is God’s will for us at this moment in time. This Sacrament always lead to the health of the soul. Another effect of this Sacrament is that it helps a person to prepare for death if that is approaching.

We also have sacramental encounters with Jesus to strengthen us for special vocations of our lives such as Marriage and for those who choose the Priesthood as their mission in life.


There are over 1.2 billion Catholics in the world, requiring much organisation. As such, we are divided into dioceses and parishes, with bishops, priests and deacons to help serve us in our local areas.

Learn more about the Catholic Church in Australia

So what do we believe?

With so many people in our Church, there are many different ideas about how Jesus wants us to follow him. The Teaching of the Church comes to us through the Sacred Scriptures and the Tradition of the Church. Our Pope and Bishops help to safeguard the development of our tradition as we engage with new challenges and opportunities.

Over the years, under the guidance of the Holy Spirit and through interpreting the Bible with the guidance of the hierarchy of the Church and listening to and following teaching of the Church, in honouring and learning from those who lived particularly good lives as Jesus followers, whom we call saints, we continue to develop a rich tradition of good ways to live as the faithful disciples that Jesus wants us to be. Of all the saints, Mary, the woman chosen to be the Mother of Jesus, is honoured in a special way as our greatest model of what it means to be a disciple.

Being Catholic is a special way of being Christian, of following Jesus Christ. It is a way of living that involves 24 hours in every day. We deepen our love for Jesus through the power of the Holy Spirit, in our prayer, in pondering the words of Sacred Scripture, in celebrating community with our fellow believers, and in reaching out the hand of friendship, healing and service to our brothers and sisters of different faiths and none.


This teaching is further elaborated in the Catechism of the Catholic Church. This is arranged in four sections which cover our main areas of life and practice.

    1. The Profession of faith which reflects on the core beliefs we hold.
    2. The celebration of the Christian Ministry which concerns Liturgy and especially the sacraments which are our encounters with Christ and our connection to the Christian community.
    3. Life in Christ which is about Christian living and also includes the Ten Commandments.
    4. The final section is on Christian Prayer and its importance in our lives.

Learn more about The Catechism of the Catholic Church

What are Catholics involved in?

One way to understand Catholics is to appreciate what we are involved in. Catholics support many areas of public life including education, health, scientific research, aged care, local and international aid, sport, working with indigenous people, working with those living with disability, working with those suffering from mental illness, seeking rights for workers, crisis accommodation, environmental issues, migrants and refugees, young people and families. Over 180,000 people are employed by the Catholic Church in Australia and many more volunteer in these different areas.

What about you?
What are you looking for?

Your journey matters to us. If you are seeking meaning, want to know more about our faith or how to follow Christ more deeply, we invite you to explore these links or contact someone from one of the following areas: